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The Virginia Festival of the Book, to be held March 19-23, will herald spring in Charlottesville and the University of Virginia for the 20th season this year.
More than 200 events – most of which are free – will feature almost 450 writers in venues on Grounds and around town. The authors’ work represents a range of genres and covers a variety of topics, including fiction, poetry, memoir, crime and mystery, publishing, children’s books, history and other academic fields.
Presented by the U.Va.-affiliated Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, many events are co-sponsored by University programs and departments. More than 30 U.Va. professors and about a dozen alumni will read and discuss their work or participate as moderators of sessions.
The festival’s five-day schedule and information about all participants is available here. For more about the festival’s U.Va. flavor, read on.
One of the main events will bring poet and U.Va. English professor Gregory Orr to the Culbreth Theatre stage March 19 at 8 p.m. to read poems from his most recent volume, “The River Inside the River,” and other books. Patricia Smith of New Jersey will also read her poetry. Orr chose her 2012 book, “Shoulda Been Jimi Savannah,” as the winner of the Academy of American Poets Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize.
Jane Alison, a fiction writer who joined Orr and the Creative Writing faculty last fall, will read from her latest book, published last month, “Change Me: Stories of Sexual Transformation from Ovid.” The book comprises translations of the Roman poet’s opus, “Metamorphoses,” and other works. The Classics Department is hosting her reading on March 19 at 4 p.m. in the auditorium of the Harrison/Small Special Collections Library.
Daniel Mendelsohn, a 1982 U.Va. alumnus who majored in classics, will give a talk March 20 at 6 p.m. in the Harrison/Small auditorium on “An Odyssey: A Father, A Son and An Epic,” co-sponsored by the Institute of the Humanities and Global Cultures. Mendelsohn’s new work chronicles a yearlong reading of Homer’s Greek epic, “The Odyssey,” that he undertook with his ailing father.
The New York Review of Books deemed Mendelsohn “arguably the best writer and critic at work today.”
University professors will also discuss other enduring literature or historic periods.
Italian professor Deborah Parker, editor of “The World of Dante” website, and her husband, Mark Parker, will discuss their book, “Inferno Revealed,” which focuses on adaptations and appropriations of Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy” – specifically the “Inferno” section – in elite and popular cultures. Their talk will be held March 22 at 4 p.m. in the U.Va. Bookstore.
English professor and medieval scholar Bruce Holsinger, who recently branched into fiction with his debut novel, “A Burnable Book,” will be one of four writers in the session, “Crime Wave: When History Involves Murder,” on March 22 at 2 p.m. in the Omni Hotel, ballroom C. Set in the 14th century, Holsinger’s thriller features Geoffrey Chaucer and John Gower as two of the main characters.
Moving back to nonfiction, history professor Andrew Jackson O’Shaughnessy will discuss his recent book, “The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution and the Fate of Empire,” announced this week as the winner of the New-York Historical Society’s annual American History Book Prize. O’Shaughnessy, the Saunders Director of the Robert H. Smith International Center for Jefferson Studies at Monticello, will tell stories about the leaders and share the real reasons rebellious colonials achieved their surprising victory in “British Leadership, the American Revolution and the Fate of Empire” on March 20 at 5 p.m. in the Monticello Visitors Center.
U.Va.’s best-known Civil War specialist, Gary Gallagher, John L. Nau III Professor in the History of the American Civil War, will talk about the war’s battles March 22 at 2 p.m. in the U.Va. Bookstore. Gallagher’s latest book is “Becoming Confederates: Paths to a New National Loyalty.”
U.Va. will welcome another scholar on the Civil War and slavery to the history faculty in the fall, but enthusiasts will be able to hear Alan Taylor speak at the book festival on March 23 at 1:30 p.m. at Ash Lawn-Highland. He will discuss his most recent book, “The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832.” His previous books include “William Cooper’s Town,” which won the Pulitzer Prize for American History in 1996.
Rex Bowman and Carlos Santos, journalists who have written about Virginia for some 50 years, will tell stories from their recent book, “Rot, Riot and Rebellion: Mr. Jefferson’s Struggle to Save the University That Changed America,” published by the U.Va. Press. Their talk will be held March 21, 10 a.m., in the U.Va. Bookstore.
Several U.Va. faculty and staff members will participate in sessions focusing on current events, issues and trends.
Writers and readers interested in the transformation of publishing in the digital age will have a few opportunities to get the latest news from Jane Friedman, Web editor of the Virginia Quarterly Review. Friedman has spent more than 15 years in the publishing industry as an editor, publisher and professor and teaches digital publishing at U.Va.
A former publisher of Writer’s Digest, she will give advice about digital publishing in four sessions, three of which will be held March 22, the book festival’s “Publishing Day.” She will explain the “Digital Publishing Landscape” at 10 a.m. in the Omni Hotel, ballroom A; at noon in the same location, she will talk about how to build an author’s platform. At 2 p.m., she will join a panel discussion in CitySpace on “Publishing Alchemy: How Romance Authors Quickly Master New Publishing Trends.”
“The Basics of Independent E-Book Publishing” will be her subject on March 23 at 1 p.m. at the independent organization, WriterHouse on Dale Avenue. Registration and a fee – $65 for WriterHouse members, $75 for non-members – are required for that talk. James W. Ceaser, Harry F. Byrd Professor of Politics and author of “After Hope and Change: The 2012 Elections and American Politics,” will address “The United States in the World” with history Ph.D. Robert Rakove, author of “Kennedy, Johnson, and the Nonaligned World.”
Bob Gibson, director of the Sorensen Institute of Political Leadership, will moderate the discussion on March 19 at 2 p.m. in the U.Va. Bookstore. Understanding and Interpreting Environmental Change” will be the topic three environmental sciences researchers discuss March 21 at 10 a.m. in the Clark Hall Science and Engineering Library. The event features Henry H. Shugart, G. Carlton Ray and Jerry McCormick-Ray.
U.Va. anthropology professor Frederick H. Damon will moderate a panel discussion of diverse authors on “The Environment as Humans Shape and Adapt It,” with Paul Bogard (“The End of Night”); Keya Chatterjee (“Zero Footprint Baby: How to Save the Planet While Raising a Healthy Baby”); Bill Gammage (“The Biggest Estate on Earth: How Aborigines Made Australia”); and William F. Ruddiman (“Earth Transformed”). It will be held March 19 at 6 p.m., also in the Clark Hall Science and Engineering Library.
For the first time, the book festival will be able to offer a bilingual story-time to youngsters, thanks to U.Va. student Chelsea Ortiz of Lambda Theta Alpha Latin Sorority. On March 22 at 10:30 a.m. at the Omni Hotel, she will read books such as Margaret Wise Brown’s “Goodnight Moon” – in Spanish, “Buenas Noches Luna.”
The Supreme Court Litigation Clinic at the University of Virginia School of Law chalked a win in Rosemond v. United States on Wednesday, with the U.S. Supreme Court rejecting an appeals court’s affirmation of a federal firearms conviction in a drug trafficking case because the jury was not adequately instructed.
The 7-2 ruling marks the latest victory for the clinic, whose students prepared the opening petition and merits reply.
“The case pitted [the clinic] against the United States Solicitor General’s Office, colloquially known as ‘the best law firm in the country,’ which handles all the federal government’s cases before the Supreme Court,” Supreme Court Litigation Clinic Director Dan Ortiz said. “Our students did quite well against that awesome competition.”
Testimony during the criminal trial of Justus Cornelius Rosemond, the clinic’s client, could only identify him as a possible shooter in a 2007 Utah marijuana deal gone bad. Rosemond was convicted of discharging a firearm, or aiding and abetting the discharge of a firearm, during and in relation to a federal drug trafficking crime. Conviction on the count added 10 years to Rosemond’s sentence.
But this week’s Supreme Court decision, which vacated the previous judgment and remanded the case back to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit, found that Rosemond’s jury needed to be informed about intent to facilitate or encourage the use of the gun by his confederate. Justice Elena Kagan wrote the opinion.
“The trial court’s jury instructions were erroneous because they failed to require that Rosemond knew in advance that one of his cohorts would be armed,” Kagan writes.
John P. Elwood, the Supreme Court Litigation Clinic instructor who argued the case, said the decision was great news for the clinic’s client, who could be eligible for release from prison soon depending on how the 10th Circuit resolves remaining issues.
“It was a very ‘hot bench’ at argument,” Elwood said. “The justices subjected our theories to very close scrutiny. But by the time I sat down, I was optimistic that we’d persuaded them that his conviction was invalid.”
Elwood said it’s common for the government to charge defendants with aiding and abetting, which carries a mandatory minimum in prison time. In Rosemond’s case, the firearms offense accounted for the bulk of his sentence – 120 of 168 months.
Ortiz said the case has been an important learning experience for the students who participated, both this year and last, because it pushed them to explore the “first principles” of criminal law.
“The issues of what one must do and what one must know or intend, to be guilty of aiding and abetting another’s commission of a crime, go to the very core of what criminal liability is all about,” Ortiz said. “I’m pretty sure the case will make it into the casebooks on federal criminal law.”
Third-year law student Andrew Kilberg was among this year’s students who worked with Elwood on the case’s merit reply in the fall.
“Working on a Supreme Court case as a law student was invigorating,” Kilberg said. “It is the kind of work that a lot of established appellate lawyers fight over, and we were lucky enough to have the experience as [third-year law students].”
Kilberg said he was impressed by how much trust the instructors had in the students.
“Dan and John critique our work product carefully, but they pretty much set us loose each week on an assignment, or several, and our input in and out of class sessions is taken seriously,” Kilberg said. “This experience has been and continues to be invaluable, especially as I plan to pursue an appellate practice in D.C. after clerking.”
The Rosemond case adds to the clinic’s strong track record in appearances before the Supreme Court. Since 2007, the clinic has won six of its 10 cases, with a seventh resulting in a split decision.
Evan Behrle stepped into his one-year term as Honor Committee chair last spring at a critical moment in the history of the University of Virginia’s honor system.
Prompted by faculty and student concerns about inconsistent verdicts and reporting rates for honor offenses, the previous Honor Committee introduced the “Restore the Ideal Act” reform proposal, which would have eliminated the option of random student juries and replaced them with student juries comprised solely of Honor Committee jurors. The proposal also included the option of informed retractions, whereby students accused of an honor offense could admit their guilt before an investigation and take a leave of two full academic semesters before returning to the University.
The two-part proposal failed to gain the super majority of students’ votes needed to amend the Honor System, but a U.Va. law student’s separate proposal to institute informed retraction independently passed with support of 64 percent of the students voting. As Behrle’s tenure as Honor Committee chair winds down this month and he works to complete his undergraduate thesis for graduation, the fourth-year honors politics major from Baltimore said the recent changes have energized a student-run system aiming to strengthen the University community’s faith in Honor proceedings.
“I think we’re in a good position, especially introducing informed retraction, as a launching point for the revitalization of both the institution as a formal structure and of the culture of honor at U.Va.,” said Behrle, one of two College of Arts & Sciences fourth-year students awarded prestigious Rhodes Scholarships to begin graduate studies this fall at the University of Oxford in England.
“What the reform conversation really did last year was open up the discussion and serve as a public acknowledgment that things maybe weren’t as well as they could be. And I think that’s really important, because students really care about the honor system.”
For students found guilty by trial of an Honor offense of lying, cheating or stealing, expulsion remains the single sanction punishment. The introduction of informed retractions, however, allows students to come forward within seven days of being notified that an Honor report has been filed against them to admit guilt before taking leave for two semesters. After a year, the “Honor Leave of Absence” notation on their transcripts would be removed, whether or not they return to U.Va.
Informed retractions serve as an extension of the Honor System’s conscientious retraction policy, which allows students who have committed a potential Honor offense to come forward and confess before having any reason to believe they are under any suspicion of committing one. Under the conscientious retraction policy, a confessing student may remain at the University after making amends for the violation.
According to Behrle, the procedural implementation has been smooth. Since the option was introduced last April, seven University students have opted for informed retractions. Of the remaining 33 Honor cases from the same time period, 10 have proceeded to trial, with the return of one guilty verdict and nine not guilty verdicts, according to the Honor Committee.
Nine of the 40 cases remain under investigation, and some of these accused students may still file IRs.
The argument that informed retractions have weakened the Honor System’s traditional single sanction punishment of expulsion doesn’t hold water for Behrle, who said the Honor Committee is not seeking to create gradations of honor offenses with differing punishments.
“We’re not saying that some offenses are less severe or more severe than others,” said Behrle, an Echols Scholar and a Jefferson Scholar. “It’s a difference premised on the honor of the student. It’s a difference premised on whether you are willing to come forward and take ownership of this, which I think is much better than the system we had before where so many people were incentivized to lie their way through a trial and were found not guilty.”
As an example of the effectiveness of informed retractions, Behrle cited a recent Honor case reported by a professor who submitted inconclusive evidence of a student’s alleged cheating.
“The student was well aware that there wasn’t much evidence, but the student felt guilty and wanted to make amends,” Behrle said. “So the student took the IR, which allows students to learn from a mistake, whereas before, the case probably would have been dropped.”
Behrle said he believes the introduction of informed retractions has led to more faith in the honor system among faculty who had grown frustrated with past verdicts and the length of the process, which can stretch several months as witnesses are interviewed, Honor Committee members determine whether to render a formal accusation and accused students are granted time to prepare for a trial.
Going forward, Behrle said U.Va.’s honor system should continue to explore the jury composition issue raised by the failed Restore the Ideal proposal. Since 1990, accused students have been afforded the choice of a jury panel composed solely of Honor Committee members, a mixed panel of Honor Committee members and randomly selected student jurors or a jury panel composed entirely of randomly selected students. The vast majority of accused students selected randomly selected juries under the impression that panels that include Honor Committee members are more apt to return guilty verdicts.
Behrle said requiring mixed panels that include randomly selected student and Honor Committee members for all Honor trials may be the best compromise solution available.
“I think that a potential solution, and one that gets floated around a lot as sort of an obvious middle ground would be to eliminate the ‘all Committee’ and ‘all random’ options and just go for a mixed panel,” Behrle said. “If you look at how our trials work, the juries lead the trial.
“They’re not like criminal juries. They sit in the front of the room, they ask questions, first and last. They’re the only people who can call back witnesses. They’re kind of like the judges of an appellate court. So in one sense, it’s sort of quixotic that we have students with no previous formal interaction with the honor system leading honor trials. We train them a little bit, as much as you can, but obviously there’s something to be said for having more experienced people who can more consistently lead trials ask tough questions at the front of the room. But then with mixed panels, you also get the fresh viewpoints of the randomly selected students.”
An Honor conference being organized for next month, open to all University students, will aim to continue the public discussion of how to strengthen the honor system, as well as the culture of honor on Grounds.
“Anyone taking a clear-eyed look at the facts would say that things could be going better than they are,” Behrle said. “So we want to say, ‘OK, with that in mind, if we care about the system, and we do, what should we do about it as a community?’… At a school with 20,000 students, there really need to be institutional ways in which the honor system is inculcated into students. And I think one of the ways you do that is by allowing them to see, if not on a daily basis, a weekly, monthly basis that this thing is real. It’s not just this idea that we talk about and fetishize, but really a way of life.”
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a specific type of immune cell in the bone marrow of mice responsible for an aggressive, poorly understood form of leukemia.
The type of leukemia examined in the study proved particularly hardy and resourceful. After the cancer killed a mouse with the responsible mutation, the researchers placed the leukemic cells in a lab dish, where they continued to survive and even thrive.
“People have been trying to grow leukemia cells in culture, even from patients, and they require other factors to survive. But not these,” said Dr. Maria Luisa S. Sequeira-Lopez, a researcher in the Division of Pediatric Nephrology.
Her co-researcher, Dr. Ariel Gomez, also of the Division of Pediatric Nephrology, marveled at the cells’ ability to tolerate even the least hospitable conditions. “These are extremely aggressive in that they have developed a system to grow and survive no matter what,” he said. “They have immortalized themselves.”
The research provides important insight into B-cell leukemia, the causes of which are poorly understood, and could lead to new and better treatments.
In this case, the loss of a key cellular signaling molecule through mutation appears to trigger the development of the leukemia. More specifically, the loss of the signaling molecule caused a logjam in the production process of B cells, a type of white blood cell. The mutated cells then become cancerous.
The type of cell affected is a renin progenitor. Renin cells, which are also present in the kidney, have traditionally been associated with the control of blood pressure and fluid balance in the body. However, U.Va. investigators found that there are renin progenitors in the bone marrow as well.
The role of bone marrow renin cells in the development of leukemia had been unknown, but the U.Va. researchers were able to determine that the leukemia originated in a special type of white blood cell, a B lymphocyte that expresses renin – a cell the group has dubbed “Brenin-cells.” The researchers then went on to discover and describe the genetic and epigenetic events that lead to the leukemia.
Conventional wisdom is that leukemia arises when a genetic event occurs in a susceptible cell. Over the last decade, much knowledge has been gained regarding the genetic events that drive leukemia; the exact cell of origin, however, remains largely unknown. This study suggests that there may be subsets of cells at increased risk of developing leukemia.
The discovery means the researchers have many exciting avenues to explore. U.Va. pediatrician Dr. Brian C. Belyea, the lead author of the paper outlining the findings, is investigating whether the findings will hold true in humans.
“We would now like to see if this is a relevant model of human disease,” he said. “Our long-term goal is to identify cells at increased risk for leukemia in humans and ultimately develop strategies to monitor and eliminate these cells.”
The findings have been published online by the journal Nature Communications. The article was written by Belyea, Fang Xu, Ellen S. Pentz, Silvia Medrano, Minghong Li, Yan Hu, Stephen Turner, Robin Legallo, Craig A. Jones, Joseph D. Tario, Ping Liang, Kenneth W. Gross, Sequeira-Lopez and Gomez.
Author/contact: Robert Hull
More than a half-century before there was Pinterest or any of the online applications devoted to the art of virtual collage, American artist Joseph Cornell was busy creating his own real assemblage works by hand. With snippets of magazines, pasted photographs and found objects, the universe of Cornell’s imagination was realized in meticulously composed masterworks born of everyday material.
“Joseph Cornell and Surrealism” – an international loan exhibition created in a collaborative effort between the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, a municipal museum of fine arts in the French city of Lyon, and The Fralin Museum of Art at the University of Virginia – opens Friday at the The Fralin Museum of Art, and will remain on view through June 8.
The landmark exhibition focuses on the American artistic genius’s works of the 1930s and ’40s, the decades that span Cornell’s emergence and maturation as a visual artist as well as the New York heyday of surrealism, an international art movement founded by André Breton in Paris in 1924.
Cornell (1903-1972) created collages and shadow boxes out of the basement of a house on Utopia Parkway in Queens, where he lived with his mother Helen and disabled brother, Robert. His shrines mixed images from popular culture (Hollywood B-movies) with the arcane (antique maps, Renaissance paintings).
Cornell was as urban archivist who explored a specific milieu – the city and its outlying suburbs – and turned his discoveries into homegrown art.
Surrealism shaped and molded Cornell through the first half of his career, opening his eyes to a new way of viewing and creating art.
To demonstrate the catalyzing effect of surrealism on Cornell’s art, the exhibition will present key works by Cornell alongside pieces by major figures associated with the movement, including Salvador Dalí, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst and Man Ray.
“Surrealism was the revelation that launched Cornell as an exhibiting artist,” said Matthew Affron, who co-curated the Cornell exhibit with Sylvie Ramond, director and chief curator at the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon. Affron, Muriel and Philip Berman Curator of Modern Art at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, was formerly an associate professor in U.Va.’s McIntire Department of Art and The Fralin’s curator of modern art.
“Surrealism activated the development of Cornell's signature working method: collage and the related procedures of montage, construction and assemblage,” Affron said. “And it was to surrealism that Cornell owed his basic conception of the visual image as the product of poetic juxtaposition.”
The Cornell works on display will include the two- and three-dimensional formats for which he is best known: collages, found object pieces and shadow box constructions containing found objects.
Thanks to gifts from The Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation and Buzz Miller (who worked in partnership with U.Va. alumnus Alan Groh to collect vanguard art for The Stable Gallery in New York during the 1950s), The Fralin Museum of Art already houses an impressive collection of Cornell’s works, including six boxes and 14 collages.
The other major strands of Cornell’s achievement will also receive in-depth examination during the exhibit’s run, including the artist’s engagement with photography, his groundbreaking work in collage cinema and the open-ended and nonlinear archives of printed materials that Cornell called his “explorations.”
Accompanying programming will include a symposium co-organized with the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, guided tours, a poetry reading inspired by Cornell’s art and programs for children.
All events are free and open to the public. Visit The Fralin’s website for information.
On March 8, Affron will present a free public tour of the Cornell exhibit from 2 to 3 p.m. He will discuss the cultural scene – the world of painters, sculptors and photographers (many of them expatriate Europeans), art galleries and museums, and poets, critics and magazines – that shaped and molded Cornell through the first half of his career.
Events and programs related to the Cornell exhibit will be announced through its run.
“Joseph Cornell and Surrealism” is made possible through the support of the Terra Foundation for American Art, the Annenberg Foundation/GRoW, the National Endowment for the Arts, The Fralin Museum of Art Volunteer Board, the Arts Enhancement Fund sponsored by the Vice Provost for the Arts, U.Va. Arts Council: Enriching the Arts on Grounds, the Suzanne Foley Endowment Fund, Albemarle Magazine and Ivy Publications LLC’s Charlottesville Welcome Book. The exhibition is held under the auspices of the FRAME (French Regional American Museum Exchange) cultural cooperation network.
The Fralin Museum of Art, located at 155 Rugby Road, one block from the Rotunda, is open Tuesdays through Sundays from noon to 5 p.m. Admission is free.
The Fralin Museum of Art’s programming is made possible by the support of The Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation.
Classroom programs designed to improve elementary school students’ social and emotional skills can also increase reading and math achievement, even if academic improvement is not a direct goal of the skill-building, according to a University of Virginia-led study to be published this month in American Educational Research Journal. The benefit holds true for students across a range of socio-economic backgrounds.
In the study, “Efficacy of the Responsive Classroom Approach: Results from a Three-Year, Longitudinal Randomized Controlled Trial,” researchers led by Sara Rimm-Kaufman, a professor at U.Va.’s Curry School of Education and the Center for the Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning, looked specifically at Responsive Classroom, a widely used social and emotional learning intervention.
The study, funded by a grant from the Institute for Education Sciences at the U.S. Department of Education, is among just a handful of randomized controlled trials that have examined the effect of social and emotional learning interventions on student achievement.
“We find that at the very least, supporting students’ social and emotional growth in the classroom does not interfere with academic learning,” Rimm-Kaufman said. “Teachers were taught how to improve their relationships with students, foster relationships among peers, interact with students respectfully, facilitate students’ development of self-control and prevent behavior problems, instead of waiting for the behavior problems to occur and then issuing discipline. When teachers receive adequate levels of training and support, using practices that support students’ social and emotional growth actually boosted student achievement. On average, students exposed to Responsive Classroom practices for three years showed a 12 percentile gain in math and reading achievement.”
Math and reading gains were similar among those students who qualified for free and reduced-priced lunch and those who were not. The gains in math were even stronger for students initially low in math achievement.
“The success of many curricula, including those that map onto the Common Core expectations, require that teachers use effective classroom management and develop student confidence, autonomy, and communication skills,” Rimm-Kaufman said. Our trial of the Responsive Classroom approach suggests that teachers who take the time to foster relationships in the classroom and support students’ self-control and social skills actually enhance student achievement.
“In a time of intense academic demands, many critics question the value of spending time on teaching social skills, building classroom relationships and supporting student autonomy. Our research shows that time spent supporting student’s social and emotional abilities may be a very wise investment.”
For the study, researchers followed a group of students and teachers at 24 elementary schools over three years, from the end of the students’ second-grade year until the end of their fifth-grade year. The research team compared student math and reading achievement between 13 schools that adopted Responsive Classroom and 11 schools that did not.
Teachers being trained in the Responsive Classroom approach received two weeklong training sessions delivered in consecutive summers. Despite the same initial training, schools varied in their use of Responsive Classroom practices. The study found that student achievement gains were evident in classrooms where teachers who had been trained were using those practices fully and in ways that were consistent with the program goals. Teachers tended to use the Responsive Classroom practices effectively if they felt that the principals at their school supported them.
“Our findings raise important questions about the support of teachers in implementing social and emotional learning interventions such as Responsive Classroom,” Rimm-Kaufman said. “Because Responsive Classroom was most effective in classrooms where teachers were supported in implementation, thoughtful school leadership is important to success.”
Social and emotional learning interventions are designed to teach students the social and emotional skills considered foundational to academic learning. The Responsive Classroom approach focuses on enhancing teachers’ capacity to create caring, well-managed classroom environments by providing practical teaching strategies designed to support social, academic and self-regulatory skills, and bolster respectful and productive classroom interactions.
In addition to Rimm-Kaufman, the research team included Michelle Ko, Julia B. Thomas, Eileen G. Merritt and Jamie DeCoster of U.Va.’s Center for the Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning. The team also included U.Va. post-doctoral and doctoral trainees, including Ross A. Larsen, now at Virginia Commonwealth University; Alison E. Baroody, now of San Francisco State University; Timothy Curby of George Mason University; and Tashia Abry, now of Arizona State University.