Sanitation issues are a leading cause of diarrhea which kills hundreds of thousands of children in developing countries every year. These problems are compounding in the quickly growing peripheral neighborhoods of cities in developing countries where each household’s decisions on sanitation affect the entire neighborhood. How do we incentivize households to use costly improved sanitation techniques? How do we increase sanitation access for the poorest households?
Successful leaders possess a combination of personality traits, values, and skills that fit the specific context in which they work. Context helps explain why leaders who succeed in some settings encounter far greater difficulties in others – and why leaders who have struggled in one assignment may find their “sweet spot” elsewhere.
Leaders have to provide structures to direct behavior while establishing conditions that prompt people to find the process rewarding. How can leaders simultaneously motivate and regulate? What are the organizational, social, and psychological forces that regulate individual and group behavior?
Doleac conducted the first large-scale analysis of how DST affects crime rates in the U.S., given the well-known correlation between season, temperature and crime rates. She concludes that DST reduced robbery by 51 percent, murder by 43 percent and rape by 56 percent during the “extra” hour of evening daylight.
In an increasingly globalized world, in which more than 30 million people have been displaced by violent conflict, many public policy problems can no longer be solved within the confines of a single country. How do governments and civil society coordinate their efforts without adding to the chaos?
More than half the medical treatments that Americans receive lack evidence of their effectiveness. When the government attempts to learn what treatments work best, critics complain about "rationing." How can we implement evidence-based medicine in a way that physicians and patients can embrace?
How is climate change like a noisy dorm? Environmental problems arise from broken ownership and control of important resources. If we can design solutions that mimic markets, we can lower the cost of protecting the planet by making it profitable to be green.
Building consensus requires an effective toolkit--combined with passionate advocacy. Learning about recent policy-making history and analyzing outcomes equip policy advocates to be effective change agents.
We choose, initiate, and pursue goals in a social world. How and when do social relationships facilitate, or hinder, our pursuit of important goals? And how do cooperation and competition affect these relationships?
Good health does not just happen. It is "produced" by a combination of genetics, lifestyle and medical care. A major challenge for the United States, and other countries, is to choose policies that promote good health while maintaining freedom of choice and financial viability of government budgets and the health care system.
Policymakers and practitioners operate under constraints. How do we evaluate programs and policies to provide the strongest evidence for making decisions? In particular, how can social science research inform policy approaches to addressing early childhood disadvantage?
Throughout history, many legislative breakthroughs have occurred in Washington due to efforts that combined outside pressure with an inside game. Author Gerald Warburg discusses his new book “Dispatches From the Eastern Front.”
The Office of Academic Affairs supports faculty in executing the teaching and research missions of the Batten School. Our team manages faculty governance, faculty policies, the faculty research series and working papers series, new faculty orientation, faculty-student mentoring, academic policies, teaching assignments, course scheduling, course enrollment, and membership and scheduling of the dean’s committees. We also regularly communicate information on research funding opportunities and research-related events.