Software Agents, Anticipatory Ethics, and Accountability

Authors: Gary E. Marchant, Braden R. Allenby, Joseph R. Herkert (eds)

This chapter takes up a case study of the accountability issues around increasingly autonomous computer systems. In this early phase of their development, certain computer systems are being referred to as “software agents” or “autonomous systems” because they operate in a variety of ways that are seemingly independent of human control. 

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Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication?

Authors: Richard Bonnie

The determinative issue in applying the insanity defense is whether the defendant experienced a legally relevant functional impairment at the time of the offense. Categorical exclusion of personality disorders from the definition of mental disease is clinically and morally arbitrary because it may lead to unfair conviction of a defendant with a personality disorder who actually experienced severe, legally relevant impairments at the time of the crime. 

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Between Reconstructions: Congressional Action on Civil Rights, 1891-1940

Authors: Jeffery A. Jenkins, Justin Peck, Vesla M. Weaver

Prior analyses of congressional action on the issue of black civil rights have typically examined either of the two major Reconstructions. Our paper attempts to fill the large five-decade black box between the end of the First Reconstruction and the beginning of the Second, routinely skipped over in scholarship on Congress, parties, and racial politics.

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Identification of Expected Outcomes in a Data Error Mixing Model with Multiplicative Mean

Authors: John Pepper, Brent Kreider

We consider the problem of identifying a mean outcome in corrupt sampling where the observed outcome is drawn from a mixture of the distribution of interest and another distribution. Relaxing the contaminated sampling assumption that the outcome is statistically independent of the mixing process, we assess the identifying power of an assumption that the conditional means of the distributions differ by a factor of proportionality. 

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Frontlash: Race and the Development of Punitive Crime Policy

Authors: Vesla M. Weaver

Civil rights cemented its place on the national agenda with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, fair housing legislation, federal enforcement of school integration, and the outlawing of discriminatory voting mechanisms in the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Less recognized but no less important, the Second Reconstruction also witnessed one of the most punitive interventions in United States history. 

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